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September 14, 2020

Legislation to Protect Patients 

Over the past three decades, concerns about protecting patients’ rights have led to the passage of legislation meant to ensure ...
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August 31, 2020

Intrathecal Morphine vs. Intrathecal Hydromorphone for Post-Cesarean Analgesia 

  Anesthesia for cesarean section commonly involves a single-shot spinal injection of local anesthetic with opioid included to cover postoperative ...
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August 17, 2020

Dexmedetomidine: Physiology, Applications, and Efficacy 

    Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an α2 adrenoceptor agonist that is commonly administered before general anesthesia as a short-term sedative ...
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August 3, 2020

Results of Clinical Trials for Remdesivir, Chloroquine, Lopinavir/Ritonavir, and Arbidol ...

          COVID-19 has become the most pressing global public health crisis in decades, with more than ...
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July 15, 2020

The Effects of Medical School Debt

In 1984, 86% of medical students graduated with some amount of debt. While that number has not increased significantly over ...
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June 4, 2020

Nonlinear Dynamics of Heart Rate Variability

The study of dynamical systems has the goal of describing the evolution of interconnected variables over time. Non-linear systems are ...
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May 6, 2020

Anesthetic Management of Sports Injuries

In an age where many Americans have a sedentary lifestyle, taking the time to exercise is important to overall health ...
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April 17, 2020

The Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2

The recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) has turned into a public health emergency of international concern. With no antiviral drugs ...
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March 27, 2020

Fentanyl: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications, and Side Effects

Fentanyl is a mu-receptor stimulating opioid first synthesized in 1960.1 As a highly lipophilic molecule, it has significantly greater potency ...
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March 2, 2020

Xenon: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects

Xenon is a nonflammable, colorless, odorless noble gas that has a variety of practical applications.1 Most commonly, xenon is used ...
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February 25, 2020

Anesthetic Considerations in Patients with Left Ventricular Assist Devices

With advances in healthcare, aging of the general population, and improvement in life expectancy, the prevalence of heart failure continues ...
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February 21, 2020

Butorphanol: Biological Mechanisms, Applications and Perioperative Uses

Butorphanol is a synthetic opioid drug that is used for analgesia, often as an adjunct to other anesthetic drugs.1 Butorphanol ...
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