March 2, 2020
Xenon: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects
Xenon is a nonflammable, colorless, odorless noble gas that has a variety of practical applications.1 Most commonly, xenon is used ...
February 25, 2020
Anesthetic Considerations in Patients with Left Ventricular Assist Devices
With advances in healthcare, aging of the general population, and improvement in life expectancy, the prevalence of heart failure continues ...
February 21, 2020
Butorphanol: Biological Mechanisms, Applications and Perioperative Uses
Butorphanol is a synthetic opioid drug that is used for analgesia, often as an adjunct to other anesthetic drugs.1 Butorphanol ...
February 10, 2020
Anesthesia during Awake Craniotomy
Awake craniotomy is a procedure in which a surgeon temporarily removes a piece of skull to access the brain while ...
February 5, 2020
Desflurane: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects
Desflurane is an inhalational anesthetic drug used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia in adults and maintenance of anesthesia in ...
January 31, 2020
Early Exposure to Anesthesia and ADHD
Pediatric surgery is defined by the American Board of Surgery as “the diagnostic, operative and postoperative surgical care for children ...
January 29, 2020
Antibiotics in Anesthesiology
Antibiotics are powerful medications that fight bacterial infections by either killing bacteria or keeping them from reproducing.1 Some well-known bacterial ...
January 14, 2020
Anesthetic Implications of Cigarette Smoking
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide.1 Cigarette smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year ...
January 6, 2020
Respiratory Physiology in Morbidly Obese Perioperative Patients
Obese patients are becoming more commonplace in the operating room with each passing year. By the year 2030, an estimated ...
January 3, 2020
Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)
Complex surgical procedures, innovative anesthetic techniques and the need to protect a patient’s airways contribute to the requirement for mechanical ...
December 30, 2019
Pediatric Anesthesia for Pain Management
Among health professionals, it is common knowledge that children are “not just little adults.”1 Children have anxieties,2 anatomies3 and pathologies4 ...
December 24, 2019
Anesthetic Implications of Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a general term for a group of heterogenous disorders affecting kidney structure and function.1 CKD ...