March 2, 2020

Xenon: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects

Xenon is a nonflammable, colorless, odorless noble gas that has a variety of practical applications.1 Most commonly, xenon is used ...
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February 25, 2020

Anesthetic Considerations in Patients with Left Ventricular Assist Devices

With advances in healthcare, aging of the general population, and improvement in life expectancy, the prevalence of heart failure continues ...
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February 21, 2020

Butorphanol: Biological Mechanisms, Applications and Perioperative Uses

Butorphanol is a synthetic opioid drug that is used for analgesia, often as an adjunct to other anesthetic drugs.1 Butorphanol ...
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February 10, 2020

Anesthesia during Awake Craniotomy

Awake craniotomy is a procedure in which a surgeon temporarily removes a piece of skull to access the brain while ...
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February 5, 2020

Desflurane: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects

Desflurane is an inhalational anesthetic drug used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia in adults and maintenance of anesthesia in ...
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January 31, 2020

Early Exposure to Anesthesia and ADHD

Pediatric surgery is defined by the American Board of Surgery as “the diagnostic, operative and postoperative surgical care for children ...
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January 29, 2020

Antibiotics in Anesthesiology

Antibiotics are powerful medications that fight bacterial infections by either killing bacteria or keeping them from reproducing.1 Some well-known bacterial ...
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January 14, 2020

Anesthetic Implications of Cigarette Smoking

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide.1 Cigarette smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year ...
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January 6, 2020

Respiratory Physiology in Morbidly Obese Perioperative Patients

Obese patients are becoming more commonplace in the operating room with each passing year. By the year 2030, an estimated ...
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January 3, 2020

Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)

Complex surgical procedures, innovative anesthetic techniques and the need to protect a patient’s airways contribute to the requirement for mechanical ...
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December 30, 2019

Pediatric Anesthesia for Pain Management

Among health professionals, it is common knowledge that children are “not just little adults.”1 Children have anxieties,2 anatomies3 and pathologies4 ...
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December 24, 2019

Anesthetic Implications of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a general term for a group of heterogenous disorders affecting kidney structure and function.1 CKD ...
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