July 15, 2020
The Effects of Medical School Debt
In 1984, 86% of medical students graduated with some amount of debt. While that number has not increased significantly over ...
June 4, 2020
Nonlinear Dynamics of Heart Rate Variability
The study of dynamical systems has the goal of describing the evolution of interconnected variables over time. Non-linear systems are ...
May 6, 2020
Anesthetic Management of Sports Injuries
In an age where many Americans have a sedentary lifestyle, taking the time to exercise is important to overall health ...
April 17, 2020
The Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2
The recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) has turned into a public health emergency of international concern. With no antiviral drugs ...
March 27, 2020
Fentanyl: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications, and Side Effects
Fentanyl is a mu-receptor stimulating opioid first synthesized in 1960.1 As a highly lipophilic molecule, it has significantly greater potency ...
March 2, 2020
Xenon: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects
Xenon is a nonflammable, colorless, odorless noble gas that has a variety of practical applications.1 Most commonly, xenon is used ...
February 25, 2020
Anesthetic Considerations in Patients with Left Ventricular Assist Devices
With advances in healthcare, aging of the general population, and improvement in life expectancy, the prevalence of heart failure continues ...
February 21, 2020
Butorphanol: Biological Mechanisms, Applications and Perioperative Uses
Butorphanol is a synthetic opioid drug that is used for analgesia, often as an adjunct to other anesthetic drugs.1 Butorphanol ...
February 10, 2020
Anesthesia during Awake Craniotomy
Awake craniotomy is a procedure in which a surgeon temporarily removes a piece of skull to access the brain while ...
February 5, 2020
Desflurane: Biological Mechanisms, Surgical Applications and Side Effects
Desflurane is an inhalational anesthetic drug used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia in adults and maintenance of anesthesia in ...
January 31, 2020
Early Exposure to Anesthesia and ADHD
Pediatric surgery is defined by the American Board of Surgery as “the diagnostic, operative and postoperative surgical care for children ...
January 29, 2020
Antibiotics in Anesthesiology
Antibiotics are powerful medications that fight bacterial infections by either killing bacteria or keeping them from reproducing.1 Some well-known bacterial ...