Academicians estimate that by 2020, approximately 84% of United States academic anesthesiology departments will have implemented an anesthesia information management system, or AIMS . AIMS are a form of electronic health records that function in two parts. First, AIMS automatically integrate the patient’s vital signs from the many monitors present throughout the surgery to the broader electronic medical record (EMR). Second, AIMS streamline anesthesia electronic medical record production. AIMS is significant because not only does it allow for digitization of medical records, but it can also serve as a cornerstone of patient safety.
Predominantly, AIMS contribute to patient safety by placing the patient at the center of data integration. Historically, operating rooms (ORs) staff were tasked with monitoring the patient’s vital signs manually, where an anesthesia provider periodically verified the monitors to ensure that the patient’s respiratory rate, blood oxygen level, and so forth were at the standard level. As technology advanced, monitors developed the function to auditorily alert the anesthesia provider and OR team when the patient’s’ vital signs were abnormal. However, AIMS take this principle one step further by combining all vital sign monitoring streams into one continuous analysis, thereby mitigating unnecessary alerts to only filter through that data most relevant to the patient’s safety . Furthermore, AIMS can also take into consideration drug-drug interactions, patient allergies, and drug metabolization threshold levels, variables that heavily impact the patient in the perioperative period.