The Quality Payment Program, also referred to as the QPP, is a program implemented by the Department of Health and Human Services through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). In brief, the QPP is a reimbursement mechanism that is designed to place a high value, and hence reimbursement, on physicians that are delivering high-quality care, while separating these from physicians who are not meeting national or specific standards of quality of care. The QPP is a program in multiple parts, including data collection, summarization, feedback generation, and finally, calculation of payment. Not only is the QPP a means of ascertaining the financial reimbursement for physicians serving Medicare-insured populations, but also, it is a mechanism by which physicians can be included in the decision-making process. Launched in 2017, the QPP is currently now in its second year of program participation across the United States, with preliminary results promising.
Before a discussion of the current state of the QPP, it is important to understand how exactly the program functions. To participate in the program, physician practices must agree to meet extensive data collection objectives. In line with this, the QPP urges practices to demonstrate how technology, specifically advanced technology, has aided with the collection and generation of data. The next step requires practices to send in summarization reports of collected metrics to the program, under deadlines. Following this stage, CMS will conduct an analysis of your data, matching your outcomes on specific objectives to nationally recognized benchmarks in the field. CMS will then share these results with you, along with the determination of